Hospitalization is a form of individual stressors that lasted for the individual to be hospitalized.
Hospitalization is a threatening experience for individuals as stressors encountered can lead to feelings of insecurity, such as:
- Foreign environment.
- Parting with the people who matter.
- Lack of information.
- Loss of freedom and independence.
- Experiences related to health care, more often associated with hospitals, the smaller the form of anxiety or even vice versa.
Focus on Nursing Management for Hospitalization
- Minimize the stressor.
- Maximizing the benefits of hospitalization provide psychological support to family members.
- Preparing the child before entering the hospital.
1. Efforts to minimize the stressor or stressors, can be done by:
- Prevent or reduce the impact of separation.
- Prevent feelings of loss of control.
- Reduce / minimize the fear of injury and body pain.
- Involving parents take an active role in childcare.
- Modification of the treatment room.
- Maintain contact with school activities.
- Correspondence, meeting school friends.
- Avoid physical restrictions if the child can be cooperative.
- If the child in isolation doing environmental modifications.
- Create a schedule for therapeutic procedures, practice, play.
- Giving children the opportunity to make decisions and involve parents in planning activities.
- Psychologically prepare children and parents for action procedures that cause pain.
- Make the game before the child's physical preparation.
- Bringing parents whenever possible.
- Show empathy. In elective action whenever possible actions performed by telling stories, pictures. Need to do a psychological assessment of the child's ability to receive this information openly.
- Help the development of children by giving parents the opportunity to learn.
- Provide opportunities for parents to learn about the child's illness.
- Improving the ability of self-control.
- Provide opportunities for socialization.
- Giving support to family members.
- Prepare wards according to the stage of the child's age.
- Orient the hospital situation.
On the first day you should take:
- Recommend nurses and doctors.
- Recommend on another patient.
- Give the identity of the child.
- Explain the rules of the hospital.