Hypertension is among the world's famous disease. Hypertension is a condition of increased blood pressure on blood vessels. There are a lot of things that we need to know about the disease hypertension. This is mostly the complaints of every individual visiting clinics and hospitals all over the world and is among the complications too of other forms of diseases.
Normal blood pressure with respect to cardiovascular risk is less than 120/80 mm Hg, (however, unusually low readings should be evaluated for clinical significance as well).
Systolic, (top number) lower than 120, diastolic, (bottom number) lower than 80.
Systolic 120-139, diastolic 80-99.
Stage 1 hypertension
Systolic 140-159, diastolic 90-99.
Stage 2 hypertension
Systolic equal to or more than 160, diastolic equal to or more than 100
Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is categorized into two types - essential hypertension and secondary hypertension - on the basis of the underlying causes for its occurrence.
Taking your vital signs daily very often will let you determine if you have a high pressure in the blood or a low blood pressure. Having a blood pressure chart at home will let you see the average level that is recommended for your age and your weight. Also, the chart will let you compare the previous readings and thus make you alert once you notice that it is increasing or decreasing.
- History and thorough physical examination.
- Examination of the retina.
- Laboratory tests to determine damage to organs such as the kidneys and heart.
- ECG to determine left ventricular hypertrophy.
- Urinalisa to determine protein in the urine, blood, glucose.
- Examination; renogram, intravenous pielogram renal arteriogram, renal function tests and determination of urine separately.
- Chest x-ray and CT scan.
Treatment of Hypertension
Treatment of hypertension all begins with doing lifestyle modifications. When you have seen in your blood pressure chart that your blood pressure reading is increasing, you should perform several lifestyle changes that way you can save yourself from having hypertension.
Natural treatment requires hypertension patients to implement certain lifestyle modifications. Exercise and relaxation therapies are an inevitable part of natural treatment. The excess calories have to be burnt off through regular exercises and it helps to induce oxygenation of blood. Relaxation therapies and meditation techniques such as yoga, breathing exercises, tai chi, biofeedback, and hypnotherapy help to avoid stress and other related psychiatric problems. Avoid alkaloid rich drinks such as coffee and fatty foods. Smoking has to be essentially quitted and dependency on alcohol has to be avoided.
Priority Nursing Diagnosis for Hypertension
1. Risk for Decreased Cardiac Output
2. Activity Intolerance
3. Acute Pain
4. Imbalanced Nutrition: More than Body Requirements
5. Knowledge Deficit