Chest pain or pressure is the most common symptom of a heart attack, Myocardial infarction (MI) or heart attack victims may experience a variety of symptoms including:
- Pain, fullness, and/or squeezing sensation of the chest
- Jaw pain, toothache, headache
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea, vomiting, and/or general epigastric (upper middle abdomen) discomfort
- Heartburn and/or indigestion
- Arm pain (more commonly the left arm, but may be either arm)
- Upper back pain
- General malaise (vague feeling of illness)
- No symptoms (Approximately one quarter of all heart attacks are silent, without chest pain or new symptoms. Silent heart attacks are especially common among patients with diabetes mellitus.)
Nursing Care Plan for Myocardial Infarction
12 Nursing Diagnosis for Myocardial Infarction
1. Decreased Cardiac Output
changes in the frequency of heart rhythm.
2. Impaired Tissue Perfusion
decrease in cardiac output.
3. Ineffective Airway Clearance
accumulation of secretions.
4. Ineffective Breathing Pattern
lung development is not optimal.
5. Impaired Gas Exchange
6. Acute Pain
increase in lactic acid.
7. Fluid Volume Excess
retention of sodium and water.
8. Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requirements
9. Activity Intolerance
imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and needs.
10. Self-Care Deficit
12. Knowledge Deficit
lack of information.